Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Definition and Examples of Decorum in Rhetoric

Definition and Examples of Decorum in Rhetoric In traditional talk, dignity is the utilization of a style that is suitable to a subject, circumstance, speaker, and crowd. As per Ciceros conversation of etiquette in De Oratore (see beneath), the terrific and significant topic ought to be treated in a stately and respectable style, the unassuming or insignificant topic in a less lifted up way. Models and Observations Respectability isn't just found all over the place; it is the quality whereby discourse and thought, astuteness and execution, workmanship and profound quality, declaration and yielding, and numerous different components of activity meet. The idea endorses Ciceros arrangement of the plain, center, and raised stylistic styles with the three primary elements of advising, satisfying, and propelling a crowd of people, which thusly expands expository hypothesis over a wide scope of human affairs. (Robert Hariman, Decorum. Reference book of Rhetoric. Oxford University Press, 2001) Aristotle on Aptness of Language Your language will be suitable on the off chance that it communicates feeling and character, and on the off chance that it compares to its subject. Correspondence to subject implies that we should neither talk calmly about profound issues, nor gravely about insignificant ones; nor must we add elaborate appellations to typical things, or the impact will be funny... To communicate feeling, you will utilize the language of outrage in talking about shock; the language of sicken and prudent hesitance to absolute a word when discussing profanity or revoltingness; the language of celebration for a story of wonder, and that of mortification for a story of pity, etc in all different cases.This fitness of language is one thing that causes individuals to have confidence in reality of your story: their psyches reach the bogus determination that you are trustworthy from the way that others carry on as you do when things are as you portray them; and along these lines they take your story to be val id, regardless of whether it is so or not.(Aristotle, Rhetoric) Cicero on Decorum For a similar style and similar contemplations must not be utilized in depicting each condition throughout everyday life, or each position, position, or age, and in reality a comparative qualification must be made in regard to place, time, and crowd. The general principle, in rhetoric as throughout everyday life, is to think about legitimacy. This relies upon the subject being talked about and the character of both the speaker and the audience...This, for sure, is the type of knowledge that the speaker should particularly employto adjust to events and people. As I would see it, one must not talk in a similar style consistently, nor before all individuals, nor against all rivals, not with regards to all customers, not in association with all promoters. He, in this manner, will be articulate who can adjust his discourse to fit all possible circumstances.(Cicero, De Oratore) Augustinian Decorum Contrary to Cicero, whose perfect was to talk about typical issues basically, grandiose subjects astonishingly, and points running between in a tempered style, Saint Augustine protects the way of the Christian accounts, which some of the time treat the littlest or most insignificant issues in a critical, requesting high style. Erich Auerbach [in Mimesis, 1946] finds in Augustines accentuation the creation of another sort of respectability contradicted to that of the traditional scholars, one situated by its elevated logical reason instead of its low or basic topic. It is just the point of the Christian speakerto educate, reprove, lamentthat can mention to him what kind of style to utilize. As indicated by Auerbach, this confirmation of the most unassuming parts of day by day life into the regions of Christian good guidance momentously affects scholarly style, creating what we presently call realism. (David Mikics, A New Handbook of Literary Terms. Yale University Press, 2007) Dignity in Elizabethan Prose From Quintilian and his English examples (besides, it must not be overlooked, their legacy of ordinary discourse designs) the Elizabethans toward the finish of the [16th] century learned one of their significant composition styles. [Thomas] Wilson had lectured the Renaissance tenet of ​decorum: the exposition must fit the subject and the level at which it is composed. Words and sentence design must be adept and pleasing. These may fluctuate from the consolidated local adage like Enough is in the same class as a dining experience (he suggests Heywoods precepts which had as of late showed up in print) to the intricate or absolved sentences enhanced with all the shades of talk. Absolution opened the wayand Wilson furnished full examplesfor new sentence structures with egall individuals (the fair contradictory sentence), degree and movement (the paratactic cumulation of short primary provisions prompting a peak), contrarietie (direct opposite of contrary energies, as in To his com panion he is oafish, to his adversary he is delicate), the arrangement of sentences with like endings or with reiteration (like opening words), in addition to the verbal representations, the more extended comparable qualities, and the entire exhibition of tropes, plans, and interesting expressions of the most recent couple of many years of the sixteenth century. (Ian A. Gordon, The Movement of English Prose. Indiana University Press, 1966)

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Lord Of The Flies Essays (1140 words) - English-language Films

Master of the Flies Master of the Flies Character Analysis: Ralph: principle character-Ralph is the storyteller of the story. Jack: Jack is Ralph principle foe in the story. He drives the trackers. Piggy: Piggy is the savvy one of the gathering. Simon: He is my preferred character in the story. He is seen as the Christ-figure and deciphers the riddles of the island. Roger: Roger is Jack's sidekick and is a horrendous killer on a fundamental level. Sam and Eric: The twins stick near Ralph until they are compelled to join the trackers. Their principle work is to observe the sign fire. The littluns: The littluns are essentially the more youthful young men and ride the fleeting trend. The two young men Ralph and Piggy meet each other in a thick wilderness and find that they smashed in a plane and are abandoned. They additionally discover that there are no grown-ups present on the island what's more, that none of the grown-ups endure the accident. As they approach a sea shore, they discover an huge conch shell. Piggy gives the conch a little toot and request the rest of the young men on the island to the sea shore. The young men collect and choose Ralph as the pioneer. Ralph then appoints the Choir, drove by Jack, to be the trackers. At that point Jack, Ralph, and Simon set out to investigate the island. Close to the finish of their excursion, they experience a wild pig. Jack attempts to murder it, however is ineffective. At the point when the travelers get back, a gathering is held. The voyagers clarify that the island is abandoned however there is enough food to keep them alive. Jack and the trackers guarantee to flexibly meat. Ralph makes a standard that whoever is in control of the conch shell is permitted to talk. Ralph proposes the possibility of a sign fire to caution passing boats of their quality. All the young men concur and everyone surges to the ridge to light a fire. The fire starts the assembled wood into a burst. One of the young men is accounted for missing yet none of the young men will admit to the probability of a mishap. Everybody is working diligently the following day, either constructing hovels or chasing. Before long the more youthful young men free intrigue and head out to play. A gathering is called and the young men concoct some new thoughts and discussion about issues. In the interim jack strays and appreciates the harmony and calm. Before long the young men get into a beat of ordinary life. Toward the beginning of the day is the best time for movement since it is cool and calm. Evenings are related with resting. A portion of the littluns are experiencing the runs from eating an excess of organic product. While Ralph and Piggy sit on the sea shore they notice a boat not too far off, and are alarmed to see that the sign fire has gone out. The young men race to the ridge to attempt to make it go again yet it is past the point of no return. Jack and the trackers who were responsible for the fire were mysteriously gone. Ralph chastens Jack about the fire and he apologizes however he doesn't generally mind. Another gathering is called at the recognizable spot and Ralph censures them about their unreliability. At that point the subject of the alleged brute comes up. Ralph and Piggy attempt to give a clarification however it has no impact. In the long run mayhem spreads however the swarm and the run off drove by Jack, and Ralph is completely disturbed. That night, an air fight is going on and a dead pilot, with a parachute, arrives close to the sign fire where Sam also, Eric have nodded off. They are stirred and are frightened by the shadows and the body. The twins scramble down to the sea shore where a gathering has gathered, and they recount to the story with fantastical subtleties. A group of voyagers is sent to research. They find new land and plan what they will do with it, however Ralph reminds them of their strategic they proceed. As they approach the ridge, Jack blames Ralph for being chicken and fires up without anyone else. They are startled by what they see and spread significantly more frenzy with their report. Jack chooses to hold a gathering and reports the danger of the monster and take a vote to oust Ralph. No one else concurs and Jack runs off alone in shame. Before long the fire is reconstructed furthermore, Ralph sees a portion of the young men have gone to join Jack. He is concerned. Jack and his gathering have caught another hog and are setting it up to be eaten, and they remove its head and mount it on a post as

Friday, August 21, 2020

GLOW Book Club To the Time Machine!

GLOW Book Club To the Time Machine! I binged Netflixs new show GLOW because its pretty impossible not to. I was drawn in by the 80s setting and stayed for the charactersmostly down on their luck or looking for their place in this world (L.A.) ladies. While I know I watched at least some of the original episodes of Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling as a kid (You dont need to be a wrestling fan at all or know the original show to love Netflixs GLOW.) I dont really have much of a memory of it. My friend, on the other hand, remembers it playing before Rhonda Shears Up All NightIf you remember that show you just read the Up all squeaked-up. I have no clue if this is an accurate memory on her part or how we sometimes blend childhood memories together as adults, but I do know she was super excited in her remembering watching Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling with her cousins and we spent a lot of time gushing over the new show. Netflixs GLOW isnt a remake, but rather a fictional imagining inspired by Gorgeous Ladies of Wrestling and its awesome and everything I didnt know I wanted. It also left me with a deep desire to hang with these ladies, so Im packing up a DeLorean that I saw on eBay with books and traveling to the 80s to give these ladies some reads and to hang out and try out some wrestling moves, of course. Mild spoilers ahead, maybe? GLOW book club: Sheila the She-wolf: Oh Sheila, my little wolf, Im so happy youve found a place in this world where the true inside-you can shine. And for those times the other ladies want to hug you or talk too much to you and not give you the space a lone wolf needs, heres the audiobook The Devourers by Indra Das. Whats this iPhone loaded with audiobooks, you ask? Well talk about that later right now all you need to know is this intense, original, and brutal story about a professor and the half-werewolf he meets is everything you want to read right now. I look forward to your thoughts, Wolf. Oh, and when youre done with that you have to read Emil Ferris My Favorite Thing is Monsters. Seriously, the girl identifies with monsters and I think youd totally understand each other. Tamme ´ Dawson: Dawson, you look good in the ring! Like maybe youve done this before? *wink-wink. Clearly youre athletic and know how to put on a good show, so Im handing you a new (in 2017) comic series SLAM!  (because not only are you awesome in the wrestling ring, but I know youd be awesome at roller derby, too). Yes, I am trying to tell you that Id pay money to both watch you wrestle and slam some ladies while on skates! Debbie Egan: We dont know each other, so rather than totally invading your personal space and hugging you Im going to hand you the audiobook Heartburn by Nora Ephron, narrated by Meryl Streep. You can talk to Wolf over there about the whole whats an iPhone? thing, but the important thing is I think Ephrons novel, which is what she wrote in response to catching her husband cheating on her while pregnant, will be like having a friend that can totally commiserate with you. Plus, its Nora Ephron, so even if its dealing with sad, frustrating, anger-inducing life moments, itll still be funny. Cherry Bang: Trying to make it as an actress is hard! I know because Ive read a lot of actor memoirs and they generally struggle a lot, for many years, before finding success. I think Taraji P. Henson has a lot of valuable life stories in her Around the Way Girl audiobookI know you dont know who she is, but Im from the future and I promise shes a big deal and had to work her ass off to get to where shes at. Just be warned youre going to want to immediately be her best friend as soon as youre done with her memoir. Ruth Wilder: You wouldnt happen to be related to a Joan, would you? Shes a romance novelist, had a rough trip through Colombia recently? You may want to ask your parents Anyhoo, while you keep trying to figure out your life and your gigantic misstep, I have 32 Candles by Ernessa T. Carter for you. Its a novel about a girl who runs away (in the 80s!) and grows up having to pave her own way while learning a bunch of valuable lessons. Her name is Davidia Jones and I think youd really enjoy getting to know her plus she ends up being great at giving advice. Arthie Premkumar: Between studying, having to help out your roommate with her hardcore crush, and being given a character to portray that fans the Islamophobia flames, you look like you need a break! So I brought you Sandhya Menons When Dimple Met Rishi because it is a totally delightful novel about a young Indian woman and man beginning their career paths while possibly finding love. Maybe Dimple’s tenacityor the Bollywood dancingwill inspire you to demand a better character and more time in the ring. Carmen Wade: Youre so awesome and already come with the passion for wrestling many of the other women dont get, but its a shame that your family doesnt get it. Well they get the wrestling passionbig timethey just dont get the part about letting you follow your dreams. Id like to share with you one of my all-time favorite comic series where the girls/women are awesome and they save themselves, usually while butting heads with family members: Princeless by Jeremy Whitley. Sam Sylvia: I have no idea who thought youd be the best person for this job, but here we are apparently, so sit down and watch your head cause Im going to throw some books at you and youre not getting up until youve read them all and fully absorbed the information. Ready? Here comes:  You Cant Touch My Hair: And Other Things I Still Have to Explain by Phoebe Robinson; Trainwreck: The Women We Love to Hate, Mock, and Fear and Why by Sady Doyle; Shrill: Notes from a Loud Woman by Lindy West; You Dont Have to Like Me: Essays on Growing Up, Speaking Out, and Finding Feminism by Alida Nugent; Here We Are: Feminism for the Real World by Kelly Jensen. You can ignore all the things about technology and shows, etc., that you may not understand yet, just focus on the actual messages. Think Im going to hang out here in the 80s for a bit to learn some wrestling moves and keep book clubbing with the GLOW ladies. I can already feel my hair tripling in size. Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save Save

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Ethics - 972 Words

Ethics Ethics in a corporation is a matter of following the rules and conditions of the company sponsoring one for employment or doing business with different corporations. The corporations have to keep in mind that any actions or decisions they may take if for the worst to the better it will affect the company as a whole, the stakeholders, and the employees whom it involves along with other businesses that are associated with the corporation. It is mainly the social responsibility of the corporations to make such decisive actions toward the company. Ethics and Social Responsibility in Strategic Planning Ethics and social responsibility are similarities to one another in different scenarios†¦show more content†¦Enron’s $63.4 billion in assets made it the largest company in the United States to file against bankruptcy. The unethical decision made by just a few people lead to the company’s shutdown, the U.S. market in a loop whole, and thousands of employees w ithout jobs. The preventative measures that should have been taken in this place is to periodically make audits to these large type of corporations and keep going back to the companies ethical essence. The hidden revenues and assets that the company tried to hide by pretending not to care is costing the U.S. markets until this day. The government officials should have kept an eye on the shares when they dropped and when they increased all of the sudden to see where the company withholds with the losses. It is already unethical to go ahead and make those mistakes but hiding and covering up for them is even worse. Conclusion In conclusion, a corporation’s ability to abide by the rules and regulations created by the company is a company’s duty to fulfill. It is important to know the roles and strategic planning of ethics and social responsibilities of a corporation in case of future when action may be needed. Companies like Enron have destructed the markets with th eir unethical and unrealistic social responsibilities not only for the company and its employees but also for the whole United States marketShow MoreRelatedEthics And Ethics : Ethics922 Words   |  4 Pagesand friend group to be altered. One change I was not anticipating making was my approach to ethics. Over the course of the past fifteen weeks, my knowledge of ethics as well as my approach to ethics has changed. I have become more knowledgeable about the different approaches to ethics and have gained insight as to where I stand in my approach to ethics. One thing that has changed in my approach to ethics since the beginning of the semester is I am now adamant that it is impossible to arrive at aRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics Essay1578 Words   |  7 Pages†¢ Define ethics. Ethics is defined as the moral principles and standards that guide the behavior of an individual or group, while business ethics refers to said behavior in the work environment. Great leaders demonstrate and practice this both personally and professionally. With today’s constant media coverage of unethical decisions and their violators, it can be easy for many to people to assume that ethics codes are â€Å"just for show†. A prime example of the unethical culture that exists in businessRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics851 Words   |  4 PagesJohn Berger who stated, â€Å"Without ethics, man has no future. This is to say, mankind without them cannot be itself. Ethics determine choices and actions and suggest difficult priorities† (Berger). His meaning behind that quote is simple. In this world is there a right and a wrong way of doing something? In this world, ethics determines our actions and the consequences that come about those actions, determining right and wrong. The real question is however, are Ethics black and white? Is what is â€Å"right†Read MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics955 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction: Ethics is a key moral philosophy that helps us determine what is right and wrong. This paper will talk about my views on ethics. I will share personal examples of ethical situations that I have been in. I will also share where my ethical views originated from and why ethics is important to me. Next, I will discuss how ethics will affect my career and why it will be important in it. Lastly, I will talk about the importance of ethics in the global world. Personal: In my opinion ethics is a moralRead MoreEthics And The Ethics Of Ethics929 Words   |  4 Pages Ethics Nurse’s Before all parties involved can begin a working relationship, each individual should discuss and obtain a written description of the duties expected and the code of ethics that should be respected and followed; by beginning with a clear understanding of ethical values. Ethics: the study of right and wrong and how to tell the difference between them. Since ethics also means people s beliefs about right and wrong behavior, ethics can be defined as the study of ethics. EthicsRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics1569 Words   |  7 Pages Ethics In Nursing Rayda M. Garcia Fairleigh Dickinson Universityâ€Æ' Ethics In Nursing The study of ethics, or applied ethics, is necessary for healthcare professionals who often face dilemmas that are not experienced by the general population. The fast-paced growth of medical technology has made the study of ethics even more relevant. The study of bioethics, or biomedical ethics, refers to moral dilemmas due to advances in medicine and medical research. Since medical law and ethics are oftenRead MoreEthics And Ethics Of Ethics775 Words   |  4 Pagesmillion to settle a shareholder lawsuit. We can refer from the two previous examples that ethics education is crucial. The main reason for ethics education is that ethics courses and training would help students, who are going to become future managers and business decision makers, to resolve such ethical dilemmas correctly. As we know that most dilemmas often have multiple decision criteria. Business ethics classes would help students to realize which decision criteria lead to a preference for aRead MoreEthics And Ethics Of Ethics Essay1491 Words   |  6 Pagesemployees that the work place ethics code forbids using work-place resources for personal financial profit. To make ethically right decision in this ethical dilemma, I will focus on the philosophers’ standpoint and reasoning of ethics of care, ethics of justice, utilitarian ethics and universal principle to analyze the situation. In this tough situation, my conclusion is that I will not report this action to the higher authority although she is violating wor k place ethics code. I will provide my reasoningRead MoreEthics : Ethics And Ethics1485 Words   |  6 Pages Ethics is a concept derived from an individual’s religion, philosophies or culture, forming a collection of moral principles carrying out the manner in which a person leads their life. In modern society philosophers divide ethical theories into three separate areas, meta-ethics, normative ethics and applied ethics. Meta-ethics refer to the origins and meanings of ethical principles, dealing with the nature of moral judgement. Normative ethics refers to what is right and wrong and concerned withRead MoreEthics And Ethics Of Ethics987 Words   |  4 PagesEthics affect every facet of life, especially in a professional community. When a decision is to be made within a community, the ethical decision is typically that which benefits the most people or harms the least people. There are some scenarios however, when the correct decision based on a system of ethics that values doing the right thing is not the decision that leaves behind the least negative impact on the organization. An organization must decide if it will follow the system of ethics that

Thursday, May 14, 2020

How Social Networking Sites Have Become Powerful Tools For...

Social media websites have become powerful tools for recruitment and hiring in many organizations. Some organizations rely on these networks to attract and screen talent. According to Davison and Maraist (2011), â€Å"A recent survey by the Society for Human Resource Management reported that in 2006, only 21% of organizations had used social networking sites as an HR tool, but in 2008, 44% had used social networking sites for HR†¦the same survey reported that 34% of organizations currently use social networking sites to recruit or contact potential applicants, and 19% plan to in the future† (Davison, Maraist, Bing, 2011). The internet overwhelmingly affects how business is conducted in the world today, mostly appealing college graduates.†¦show more content†¦Here are the main social networking sites and a brief summary of each site. Myspace is the oldest of the social networking sites and although at one point it was the most popular of the sites its use has sin ce declined. According to Chauhan, Buckley, and Harvey (2013), Myspace was the first widely recognized social networking site and currently has approximately 25 million users. The authors explain Myspace’s decline as being attributed to lack of innovation and particular focus towards music, entertainment, and customization of the user’s profile. Using Myspace for recruiting purposes would not be recommended for your day to day recruiting purposes because of the informality of the content, unless one was recruiting for the entertainment business then it would likely benefit the recruiter because they are able to get a clear depiction of the user by how they market themselves and how they interact with the public and their fans. Facebook was created soon after and completely took over, â€Å" is the world’s most frequently visited website in the world† (Chauhan, Buckley, Harvey, 2013). Facebook alike Myspace, LinkedIn, and twitter allows users to create a personal profile that displays information about themselves. On Facebook users can share information about their education, work experience, birthdate, contact information, hobbies, interests, political

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Importance of Donating Blood - 1437 Words

The Importance of Donating Blood ATTENTION: I’d like to ask you to completely clear your mind for a moment. Now, imagine your father has just suffered a heart attack and must undergo open-heart surgery in order to repair the damage. Imagine your little nephew or niece was born with a heart defect and required daily transfusions of blood in order to have a chance at survival. Imagine your best friend has just been diagnosed with leukemia, a disease requiring regular transfusions of platelets. These images can seem a bit haunting, but events like these do happen and unfortunately some of you may even have experienced them already. Naturally youd hope and expect the hospital to have enough resources to facilitate the return to health, or†¦show more content†¦Here the organization attracts blood doners because it creates familiarity and therefore comfort as well as increasing the willingness to help. Blood drives done along the paths of everyday life such as at school and work help potential doners, whether retu rning or newcomers, to feel as it is less out of the way of their â€Å"busy schedule† and therefore more likely to attend. Students in high school are persuaded by free t-shirts and simply the knowledge of a free snack afterwards. TRANSITION: With those simple solutions left fresh on your mind, let me point out the repercussions of the many that are strongly affected the longer we postpone making a larger effort to give blood. III.VISUALIZATION: The main objective of giving blood is to help those who will eventually die without it. Specifically, this includes more than 1 million new people are diagnosed with cancer each year, as well as the 80,000 people with sickle cell anemia in America mentioned on There are other examples such as when the country is at war, many of our soldiers lose a great deal of blood, donations could have worked to save the life of one of the men and women that are fighting for our country. Blood is also used during operations that cause a lot of blood loss or accidents where a person has lost a great deal of blood. There are people who need these transfusions every day who would be forced to continue to go without what they need toShow MoreRelated The Importance of Donating Blood Essay1578 Words   |  7 PagesThe Importance of Donating Blood The birth of Chase changed our lives forever. We were not sure if we were able to have children and after 5 years of trying with not avail, Chase was born. He was 5 lbs. and 8 oz. He was so tiny and fragile, but the love we had for our son was enormous. When Chase turned five months old, the doctors told us that he had leukemia. They said it would take a miracle for him to see his 1st birthday. We as parents did not know what to do or who to turn for to helpRead MoreHow to Give a Successful Donation of Blood Essay814 Words   |  4 PagesBlood, that red life fluid involved with the creation of life, it is quite common yet not everybody has enough. As a good citizen, it is your responsibility to give what others need for life. The Red Cross has regular donation times and travels around to schools, offices, and cities quite often. Giving blood may be scary for some, but in time this will pass. There are a few things you can do to make your first time giving blood easier on your m ind and body. Blood is a liquid that is supplementedRead MoreImportance of Blood Donation Essay709 Words   |  3 PagesI want to talk to you about the importance of donating blood. Some of you may know a friend or even a family member who has received blood at some time. I for one have received blood and I often wonder who took the time to donate it. According to the Journal of American Medical Association, it is noted that just 1 pint of blood can save three lives. Why You Should Give Giving blood does not just benefit recipients. Regardless of age, donating blood offers many benefits for donors. It lets you: Read MoreDefinitions For Blood Donation746 Words   |  3 Pagesstudy for the blood donation. Males appeared more willing to donate blood than females, but most respondents in each race-gender group were willing to donate except for black females. The donation for cadaveric organs, most white respondents had identified themselves as organ donors on their driver’s licenses or donor cards, whereas less than most black persons had identified themselves as donors. The factors explaining race and gender disparities in willingness to donate for blood donation adjustmentRead MoreThe Medical Technician On The Ambulance977 Words   |  4 PagesAccording to the American Red Cross website, by donating blood, you can save up to three lives! Going into Occupational Therapy, I work with many patients who have undergone traumatic injury. Many of them would not be h ere today if it weren’t for blood transfusions. I know the importance of donating blood and today, I would like to inform you about blood donation and convince you to donate blood before the summer comes to an end. I will tell you how donating blood can benefit the recipient, explain whatRead MoreBlood Shortage And Fda Policy Limitations Essay1448 Words   |  6 PagesBlood Shortage and FDA Policy Limitations Our nation has a major blood shortage which results in a national health crisis. States all over the nation are reporting the need for blood donors and the importance of having donors to help those who are directly affected. There has been a recent rise in shortage due to the increased demand of high complex surgeries which require a large supply of blood. McMillan reports, â€Å"just one liver transplant can take 120 units of donated blood† (Zabarenko, 2016)Read MoreCause and Effect Analysis: Advertising for Blood Donation1188 Words   |  5 Pageseffects of advertising for blood donation Introduction To encourage people to donate blood, there is need to advertise and make people understand the effects of blood donation. Advertising encourages people to donate blood and can also be used as a reminder. Donating blood ensures that there is enough blood in the blood banks, in case of an emergency blood requirement. Showing people that by them donating blood they could be saving a life will encourage people to donate blood more frequently. This paperRead MoreDonating Blood Saves Lives. The Canadian Blood Services1592 Words   |  7 PagesDonating blood saves lives. The Canadian Blood Services was established in 1988, and is the regulator and collector of blood donations across the country to be used for surgeries, leukemia treatment, accidents, and anemia to name a few (Canadian Blood Services, 2017g, CBC News, 2013). Under the Canadian Blood Services they have strict guidelines as to who can donate, and how often which is continuously changing to ensure safety of both donors and pot ential recipients. However, over the past numberRead MoreBanning Blood Donation Process ( Mcadam Parker )1597 Words   |  7 PagesA thirty year old ban on homosexuals from donating blood has been lifted but not entirely abolished by FDA. It has taken tremendous efforts and time to end the discrimination against homosexual men to donate blood in United States. Since 1977, FDA had disqualified homosexual men or any man who had sex with another man even once from donating blood. This was due to the unreasonable and unfounded fear of contracting and transmitting HIV/AIDS. There was not enough information available from the governmentRead Moreinformative speech BLOOD DONATION Essay702 Words   |  3 Pagesneed of blood? So technically every 2 second you have the chance to save a life. Have you ever dreamed for one second of saving someone’s life? Have you ever said: ‘I want to be a hero? Well ladies and gentlemen, today I bring you an easy way to check this task off your bucket list. It’s called: BLOOD DONATION. I am going to show you today the importance of blood donation on your body but first I am going to tell you if you are eligible to donate. As you all know there are different blood types.

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Influence Triage Environment In Emergency â€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Influence Triage Environment In Emergency? Answer: Introducation The critical evaluation of the qualitative study on the effect of emergency department (ED) triage environment on the triage practices for mentally-ill clients: in Australia was done. This critical appraisal report will judge both the positive and negative aspects of this study (Merriam-Webster, 2015). This article was published in the Australasian-Emergency Nursing- Journal(AENJ) which is an official journal of the CENA (College of Emergency- Nursing Australasia). AENJ (2017) provides the best emergency practices available for the clients, particularly mentally-ill clients to the emergency nurses by giving them higher-quality evidence that are relevant to their contemporary-practice. AENJ is an international-peer reviewed journal and is a conduit for research with impact score: 1.26, CiteScore:1.27, Source-Normalized Impact/Paper:0.897 and SCImago Journal-Rank:0.594 which has motivated me to select an article published in this journal to critically appraise (Shaban, 2017). AENJ is p ublished by the Emergency-Nurses Association of CENA of New South-Wales: Elsevier-Ltd. The authors Broadbent from Sunshine Coast-University; Moxham from Wollongong-University and Dwyer from Central-Queenslands University are the experts in the emergency-mental health department of Australia. As they are registered nurses in ED of regional-hospital, this study will be of higher value and hence this study has been selected to critically appraise so as to utilize these findings in practice. Background/aims They have given an elaborate and detailed background about the study (Boswell, n. d.). They have given a clear definition for practice environment in ED which forms the base for their study as the environment in which the people as well as physical architecture in a healthcare setting. They have given that there is a continuous increase in the number of mentally- ill client in ED of Australia which suggests the importance of determining the triage ED services to promote client care. They have given a detailed statistics about the prevalence of mental- illness in Australia with percentage of ED cases which is adequate. A review of literature is a clear summary of the research-study in which the researcher is interested (Polit, 2016). The literature review should be clear, well-organized, concise and summarized (Houser, 2011) which is evident in the study. The researchers have given all the literatures in a logical, systematic, organized and sequential fashion (Greenhalgh, 2010). They have described all the related articles in an unbiased manner by explaining the all the needed requirements appropriately. They have quoted current, relevant and appropriate studies with correct in-text citations except few old studies. Though the older studies may help to generalize the results, they may increase the chance of bias. They have mentioned about their need for the study by describing that they are intended to explore the problems associated with practicing in an ED environment with a clear focus on the assessment with management of mentally-ill clients is appropriate. As, ED triage-nurses have a greater role in performing triage assessment, the result of this study will help them to rule-out any discrepancies and improve their care. The ED triage-nurses should create a therapeutic- environment to provide client care but due to lack of appropriate studies makes them difficult to practice. Hence this study will help them to improve quality of ED-care. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of triaging ED-environment on the ED-triage practice of nurses in mentally- ill clients which is clear and achievable (Polit, 2016). Research methods According to Polit (2016), research-methods are the techniques that are employed by a researcher in structuring the research-study as well as in gathering and analysing the collected data in a systematic-fashion (Boswell, n. d.). It is evident from their way of structuring the study by adapting appropriate research methods and discussing in the text sequentially. A research-design is the overall-plan that is framed to address the research question that includes specifications for promoting the integrity of the research-study (Panneerselvam, 2014). In this study, qualitative design was employed which involves investigating the phenomena in a holistic, sequential, and in-depth fashion (Yin, 2015, Grossoehme, 2013). Ethnographic design was utilized to observe as well as analyze the emergency-care practices of ED-nurses in triaging mentally-ill clients with the analysis of the impact of triage-environment in the ED. As, ethnography involves exploring the cultural-influences of clinical-b ased practice in the practice environment, it best suits this study as it explores the emergency nursing-care in ED environment and also adds value to the clear understanding of the ED practice (Cooper, 2009). This study follows the findings of a larger (observational) ethnographic study which has determined the relationship of the triage staff-nurses with the specialized mental-health triage staff-nurses. Highly consistent with the research-methodology, the time period of 8 weeks that is spent in collecting data in ED regarding triage-practice is highly adequate. Reflexivity is the critical self-reflection about ones own biases, preferences as well as preconceptions (Polit, 2016). It is evident from the study that they have clearly introspected into their research problem and have reflected about their design adequately to enhance the quality of study. The target-population is the entire set of population where the researcher is collecting data and generalizing the results (Moule, 2013). In this study, they have selected appropriate group of triage ED-nurses caring mentally-ill clients; reported in ED of a hospital in regional-Australia. A sample is a group of population who are selected to participate in the study (Houser,2011). Their sampling process that involves selecting a portion of population from a target population is adequate (Moule, 2013). They have used purposive (judgmental) sampling which is a non-probability method that involves selecting samples based on the researchers personal judgment about participants. They have selected 28 ED triage-nurses who have been trained about triage-practices for mentally-ill clients; assigned in shifts. The sample-size of 28 is adequate for a qualitative study in which the sample-size is usually smaller and focused. Sample-size is calculated by power analysis to avoid sampling-errors which is not evident in this study. The research- setting is the physical-location with conditions where the collection of data takes. This study was conducted in regional Australian-hospital that is the largest ED that receives more than 44,000 clients/year including 4 and % of mentally-ill clients. They have sufficiently described the sample and research setting. Data-collection process is the formal procedure that is developed to guide collection of data in a systematic fashion (Polit, 2016). In this study, data was collected by participant observation; formal as well as informal semi-structured interviews that are conducted with triage ED-nurses, review of case-documents with collation of the field- notes. Participant-observation, which is a core-aspect in an ethnographic study with the observer herself being the study-participant, clearly reflects the technique adopted in this study. For this purpose, the researchers have interacted with the study-participants directly in face-to-face manner to gather data. They have conducted interviews with 28 ED triage-nurses who were assigned at triage work. They have not interviewed any clients who have presented to triage. Moreover, they have observed the nurse-patient interaction only to rule-out the influence of the triage-environment of ED on the triage ED-nurses practice. Interviewing is the best method as it provides an opportunity to the researcher to contextualize the data appropriately (Houser, 2011). Totally, they have conducted 2 individual and 10 group interviews with the triage ED-nurses. They have tape-recorded the interviews and they transcribed verbatim before data-analysis to minimize bias. These strategies of data collection appear to enhance trustworthiness of this study. Overall, the data collection and recoding processes appear adequate. They have got ethical clearance from two human-research ethical-committees and also obtained written-consent from the participants. Data-analysis Data-analysis involves systematic and comprehensive organization and synthesis of research-data (Polit, 2016). Thompson (2010) states that this analysis as an eclectic-process in which the collected data were organized and interpreted to discover underlying facts. The tape-recorded notes of interviews as well as observations were articulated into categories in such a way that their meanings could be easily understood. The comparative (constant) method that was given by Polit (2016) on strategies for a qualitative study was employed to analyze the information collected at the time of field-work. This method that was involved in analyzing the individual aspects of the information as well as comparing these informations with other aspects of information (data) by utilizing constant comparative method with theoretical-method of coding was adapted by the researchers independently of each other and was also compared to rule-out consistency and hence minimizes bias. They have drawn the mean ing from the collected information and have developed concepts with categories which were analyzed by examining appropriate literature. Their categories include triage environment, triage assessment and client management. They have found that an acoustic-phenomenon (noise-creep) (Field, 2008) reduces the ability to conduct a conversation in-spite of gathering personal details by the clerk and triage ED-nurse. Triage environment is like a public area in which the triage ED-nurses is not controlling the movement of staffs particularly in initial assessment-area whereas the triage ED-nurses specified that there is no control in the movement of clients; admitted for care in ED as well as the clients and families present in the waiting area, contributes to a very-busy and noisy assessment area. In-regard to triage assessment, it was noted that lack of privacy due to increased movement of staffs (wards-men) makes the assessment problematic. Their field observations suggest that the triage ED-nurses have felt to provide a separate and quite private space for mentally- ill clients to enable appropriate client assessment. Moreover, privacy and confidentiality should be maintained in a triage environment, which is also expected by the mentally- ill clients. The waiting room dynamics should be effectively managed so as provide a therapeutic landscape for the clients (Field, 2008). They also recommend providing a calm and safe area for clients having distress, manifesting features of agitation or clients requiring privacy. They have summarized the findings with supporting arguments. The categories capture the meaning of data adequately and the researchers have also conceptualized the categories clearly. Overall, the data- analysis has yielded provocative evidence that the triage environment in the ED affects the triage practices of mentally-ill clients adversely. Summary conclusion Triage ED-nurses working in ED will be busy in assessing the clients, accessing equipments and human-resources management in-order to enable quick decision-making and manage waiting rooms. As, ED triage-area has a impact on the behavior of client and the ability to provide patient-care and to perform triage assessment, they have to be controlled to improve quality-of-care. This is evident from the current study which suggests that the triage environment, particular lack of privacy and confidentiality and busy environment affects the triage practice for mentallyill clients in an emergency environment which is supported by Foureur (2010) and Olsen (2008). They also recommend that extensive studies should be proposed to study the ED-triage waiting-room design, patients ED-triage experience and by involving the triage nurses and ED users. Relevance to nursing practice Healthcare personnel should continuously work to draw solutions and find choices for better client outcome (Douglas, 2012). Various studies should be appraised to develop best evidences available (Aveyard, 2010). The health-care specifically for mentally-ill clients should follow all the ethical principles as beneficence, respect, maleficence, justice and trust-worthiness (Polit, 2016). Moreover, the healthcare professionals who are the frontline workers should provide care by following the contemporary practices to all the patients; irrespective of caste, creed or race; in all the healthcare settings, to all the age without discrimination (ANA, 2010, ICN, 2010). The triage practice in ED along with the management of patients having mental- illness those waiting in a larger public place is of a greater challenge for all the triage ED-nurses. This study finding will help the ED-triage nurses to understand that the ED triage practices are greatly influenced by a number of factors such as lack of privacy, lack of confidentiality, noisy and busy environment. This study will help to promote patient values by disseminating that the noisy and busy triage environment affects the client assessment and triage practice which will definitely in-turn make the Government and the administration to make alterations in physical setup of ED and waiting room and in managing external physical sources and providing a safe and private place for clients. Strathmann (2009) stated that the caring for mentally-ill clients begins even before a physician attends. So, it is the ED-nurses responsibility to provide safer environment which is a routine nursing care and also in ED areas where it is regarded as an essential skill (Andrews, 2008). Long (2011) suggested that the environment where care is rendered has a greater impact on the outcomes with behavior of clients, specifically in mentally-ill clients. Nurses who are considered as the therapeutic builders have a role in restoring, rejuvenating and wellbeing (Andrews, 2009). Morphet (2012) has also discussed about the methods of promoting the ED-triage environment that includes providing specialized mental-health triaging-area, improving nurse-client relationship for mentally-ill clients is appropriate. Nurses working in ED triage-area are cognizant of the impact of environment on the client assessment. Hence, these research-findings will make the ED nurses to understand the effect of tr iage environment on ED-triage practice of mentally-ill clients and help them to modify ED environment accordingly. Reference AENJ. (2017). Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: College of Emergency Nursing Australasia. Retrieved from ANA. (2010). Nursing: Scope and Standards of Practice. American Nurses Association. Silver Spring, Maryland. Andrews, G Shaw, D. (2008). Clinical geography: nursing practice and the (re) making of space: J Nurs Manag. 16:46373. Aveyard, H. (2010).Doing a literature review in health and social care: a practical guide (second edition). 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